Saturday, 11 July 2015

1485 GB - The Forth Rail Bridge (2015)

Brief Description

"This railway bridge spanning the estuary of the Forth River in Scotland is the world’s longest multi-span cantilever bridge. It opened in 1890 and continues to carry passengers and freight. Its distinctive industrial aesthetic is the result of a forthright and unadorned display of its structural components. Innovative in style, materials and scale, the Forth Bridge is an important milestone in bridge design and construction during the period when railways came to dominate long-distance land travel. "
Source UNESCO WH website
Courtesy of pcbuyer from postcrossing

1443 CN - The Grand Canal (2014)

Brief Description

"The Grand Canal is a vast waterway system in the north-eastern and central-eastern plains of China, running from Beijing in the north to Zhejiang province in the south. Constructed in sections from the 5th century BC onwards, it was conceived as a unified means of communication for the Empire for the first time in the 7th century AD (Sui dynasty). This led to a series of gigantic construction sites, creating the world’s largest and most extensive civil engineering project prior to the Industrial Revolution. It formed the backbone of the Empire’s inland communication system, transporting grain and strategic raw materials, and supplying rice to feed the population. By the 13th century it consisted of more than 2,000 km of artificial waterways, linking five of China’s main river basins. It has played an important role in ensuring the country’s economic prosperity and stability and is still in use today as a major means of communication."

Source UNESCO WH website

Yangzhou Slender West lake

1248 CN - South China Karst (2007)

Brief Description

"The South China Karst region extends over a surface of half a million km2 lying mainly in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces. It represents one of the world’s most spectacular examples of humid tropical to subtropical karst landscapes. The stone forests of Shilin are considered superlative natural phenomena and a world reference with a wider range of pinnacle shapes than other karst landscapes with pinnacles, and a higher diversity of shapes and changing colours. The cone and tower karsts of Libo, also considered the world reference site for these types of karst, form a distinctive and beautiful landscape. Wulong Karst has been inscribed for its giant dolines (sinkholes), natural bridges and caves."

"中国南方喀斯特地区主要分布在云南、贵州和广西等省份,占 地面积超过50万平方公里。中国南部喀斯特地貌丰富多样,富于变幻,举世无双。这处遗产呈连续性分布,主要可分为三个区域:荔波喀斯特、石林喀斯特和武隆 喀斯特。中国南方喀斯特地形是全球湿润热带及亚热带喀斯特地形的典型代表。石林喀斯特被誉为自然奇观,是世界级参照标准。石林包括由含白云石的石灰石构成 的乃古石林和在湖泊中生成的苏依山石林。同其他喀斯特地形相比,石林喀斯特的石峰更加丰富多彩,形状和颜色也更富于变化。荔波喀斯特的特点是锥形和塔形地 貌,构成了独特、美丽的风景,同样是同类型喀斯特地貌的世界级标准。武隆喀斯特因其巨大的石灰坑、天然桥梁和天然洞穴而列入了世界遗产。"

Source UNESCO WH website

- Shilin Karst – Naigu Stone Forest
- Shilin Karst – ‘Suogeyi Village’
- Libo Karst – ‘Xiaoqijong’
- Libo Karst – ‘Dongduo’
- Wulong Karst – Qingkou Giant Doline (Tiankeng)
- Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges
- Wulong Karst – Furong Cave

1248-001E     Guilin Karst - Putao Fenling Karst Section
1248-002E     Guilin Karst - Lijiang Fengcong Karst
1248-003E     Shibing Karst
1248-004E     Jinfoshan Karst
1248-005E     Huanjiang Karst

1248-002 Shilin Karst

1248-002 Shilin Karst - Thousand years Linzi
1248-005 Wulong Karst Qingkou Giant Doline (Tiankeng) Wulong County
1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County

1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County
1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County
1248-007 Wulong Karst – Furong Cave Wulong County

Elephant-Trunk Hill
1248-002E     Guilin Karst - Lijiang Fengcong Karst 

1467 DE - Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus (2015)

Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus 
"Speicherstadt and the adjacent Kontorhaus district are two densely built urban areas in the centre of the port city of Hamburg. Speicherstadt, originally developed on a group of narrow islands in the Elbe River between 1885 and 1927, was partly rebuilt from 1949 to 1967. It is one of the largest coherent historic ensembles of port warehouses in the world (300,000 m2). It includes 15 very large warehouse blocks as well as six ancillary buildings and a connecting network of short canals. Adjacent to the modernist Chilehaus office building, the Kontorhaus district is an area of over five hectares featuring six very large office complexes built from the 1920s to the 1940s to house port-related businesses. The complex exemplifies the effects of the rapid growth in international trade in the late 19th and early 20th centuries."

Source UNESCO WH website

Courtesy of elbe from postcrossing forum

1466 US - San Antonio Missions (2015)

San Antonio Missions
"The site encompasses a group of five frontier mission complexes situated along a stretch of the San Antonio River basin in southern Texas, as well as a ranch located 37 kilometres to the south. It includes architectural and archaeological structures, farmlands, residencies, churches and granaries, as well as water distribution systems. The complexes were built by Franciscan missionaries in the 18th century and illustrate the Spanish Crown’s efforts to colonize, evangelize and defend the northern frontier of New Spain. The San Antonio Missions are also an example of the interweaving of Spanish and Coahuiltecan cultures, illustrated by a variety of features, including the decorative elements of churches, which combine Catholic symbols with indigenous designs inspired by nature."

Source UNESCO WH website

1466-001     Mission Espada
1466-002     Mission San Juan
1466-003     Mission San José
1466-004     Mission Concepcion
1466-005     Mission Valero
1466-006     Rancho de las Cabras

Courtesy of MissDaisy66 from postcrossing forum
1466-005 Mission Valero (The Alamo)

1438 VN - Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex (2014)

Trang An Landscape Complex
"Situated near the southern margin of the Red River Delta, the Trang An Landscape Complex is a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys, many of them partly submerged and surrounded by steep, almost vertical cliffs. Exploration of caves at different altitudes has revealed archaeological traces of human activity over a continuous period of more than 30,000 years. They illustrate the occupation of these mountains by seasonal hunter-gatherers and how they adapted to major climatic and environmental changes, especially the repeated inundation of the landscape by the sea after the last ice age. The story of human occcupation continues through the Neolithic and Bronze Ages to the historical era. Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Viet Nam, was strategically established here in the 10th and 11th centuries AD. The property also contains temples, pagodas, paddy-fields and small villages."
Source UNESCO WH website
(i) the Trang An Ecological Area
(ii) the Tam Coc-Bich Dong River Landscape

(iii) the Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel

Friday, 10 July 2015

1483 SG - Singapore Botanic Gardens (2015)

Singapore Botanic Gardens

“Situated at the heart of the city of Singapore, the site demonstrates the evolution of a British tropical colonial botanic garden that has become a modern world-class scientific institution used for both conservation and education. The cultural landscape includes a rich variety of historic features, plantings and buildings that demonstrate the development of the garden since its creation in 1859. It has been an important centre for science, research and plant conservation, notably in connection with the cultivation of rubber plantations, in Southeast Asia since 1875.”

Source UNESCO WH website

Orchid garden