Wednesday, 12 July 2017

1533 HR/MT - Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar (2017)

Brief Description

This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called alla modernaI bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1533

1533-001 Fortified city of Bergamo, Italy
1533-002 Fortified city of Peschiera del Garda, Italy
1533-003 City Fortress of Palmanova, Italy
1533-004 Defensive System of Zadar, Croatia
1533-005 Fort of St. Nikola, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
1533-006 Fortified city of Kotor, Montenegro

Courtesy of pierresurleciel from postcrossing forum
Zadar, Croatia

Courtesy of Sanja from postcrossing
Kotor, Montenegro

1541 CN - Kulangsu: a Historic International Settlement (2017)

Brief Description

Kulangsu is a tiny island located on the estuary of the Chiu-lung River, facing the city of Xiamen. With the opening of a commercial port at Xiamen in 1843, and the establishment of the island as an international settlement in 1903, this island off the southern coast of the Chinese empire suddenly became an important window for Sino-foreign exchanges. Kulangsu is an exceptional example of the cultural fusion that emerged from these exchanges, which remain legible in its urban fabric. There is a mixture of different architectural styles including Traditional Southern Fujian Style, Western Classical Revival Style and Veranda Colonial Style. The most exceptional testimony of the fusion of various stylistic influences is a new architectural movement, the Amoy Deco Style, which is a synthesis of the Modernist style of the early 20th century and Art Deco.

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1541



Sunday, 2 August 2015

1442 CN - Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor (2014)

Brief Description

"This property is a 5,000 km section of the extensive Silk Roads network, stretching from Chang’an/Luoyang, the central capital of China in the Han and Tang dynasties, to the Zhetysu region of Central Asia. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific knowledge, technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts. The thirty-three components included in the routes network include capital cities and palace complexes of various empires and Khan kingdoms, trading settlements, Buddhist cave temples, ancient paths, posthouses, passes, beacon towers, sections of The Great Wall, fortifications, tombs and religious buildings."

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1442

1. Central China - ancient imperial capitals in the Central and Guanzhong Plains of China.
2. Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, connecting China Proper and Xinjiang.
3. North and South of Tianshan Mountains in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China
4. Zhetysu Region of the Ili and Talas Valleys of Kazakhstan and the Chuy Valley of Kyrgyzstan
  • Site of Kayalyk, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
  • Karamergen, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
  • Talgar, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
  • Aktobe, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Kulan, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Akyrtas, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Ornek, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Kostobe, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Suyab (Site of Ak-Beshim), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan
  • City of Balasagun (Site of Burana), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan
  • City of Nevaket (Site of Krasnaya Rechka), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan

Ancient City of Gaochang 高昌故城



Ancient City of Jiao River 交河故城

Kizil Grottoes 克孜尔千佛洞

Saturday, 11 July 2015

1485 GB - The Forth Rail Bridge (2015)

Brief Description

"This railway bridge spanning the estuary of the Forth River in Scotland is the world’s longest multi-span cantilever bridge. It opened in 1890 and continues to carry passengers and freight. Its distinctive industrial aesthetic is the result of a forthright and unadorned display of its structural components. Innovative in style, materials and scale, the Forth Bridge is an important milestone in bridge design and construction during the period when railways came to dominate long-distance land travel. "
Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1485
Courtesy of pcbuyer from postcrossing

1443 CN - The Grand Canal (2014)

Brief Description

"The Grand Canal is a vast waterway system in the north-eastern and central-eastern plains of China, running from Beijing in the north to Zhejiang province in the south. Constructed in sections from the 5th century BC onwards, it was conceived as a unified means of communication for the Empire for the first time in the 7th century AD (Sui dynasty). This led to a series of gigantic construction sites, creating the world’s largest and most extensive civil engineering project prior to the Industrial Revolution. It formed the backbone of the Empire’s inland communication system, transporting grain and strategic raw materials, and supplying rice to feed the population. By the 13th century it consisted of more than 2,000 km of artificial waterways, linking five of China’s main river basins. It has played an important role in ensuring the country’s economic prosperity and stability and is still in use today as a major means of communication."

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1443

Yangzhou Slender West lake
 
山东济宁
天津天后宫

1248 CN - South China Karst (2007)

Brief Description

"The South China Karst region extends over a surface of half a million km2 lying mainly in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces. It represents one of the world’s most spectacular examples of humid tropical to subtropical karst landscapes. The stone forests of Shilin are considered superlative natural phenomena and a world reference with a wider range of pinnacle shapes than other karst landscapes with pinnacles, and a higher diversity of shapes and changing colours. The cone and tower karsts of Libo, also considered the world reference site for these types of karst, form a distinctive and beautiful landscape. Wulong Karst has been inscribed for its giant dolines (sinkholes), natural bridges and caves."

中国南方喀斯特
"中国南方喀斯特地区主要分布在云南、贵州和广西等省份,占 地面积超过50万平方公里。中国南部喀斯特地貌丰富多样,富于变幻,举世无双。这处遗产呈连续性分布,主要可分为三个区域:荔波喀斯特、石林喀斯特和武隆 喀斯特。中国南方喀斯特地形是全球湿润热带及亚热带喀斯特地形的典型代表。石林喀斯特被誉为自然奇观,是世界级参照标准。石林包括由含白云石的石灰石构成 的乃古石林和在湖泊中生成的苏依山石林。同其他喀斯特地形相比,石林喀斯特的石峰更加丰富多彩,形状和颜色也更富于变化。荔波喀斯特的特点是锥形和塔形地 貌,构成了独特、美丽的风景,同样是同类型喀斯特地貌的世界级标准。武隆喀斯特因其巨大的石灰坑、天然桥梁和天然洞穴而列入了世界遗产。"

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1248

- Shilin Karst – Naigu Stone Forest
- Shilin Karst – ‘Suogeyi Village’
- Libo Karst – ‘Xiaoqijong’
- Libo Karst – ‘Dongduo’
- Wulong Karst – Qingkou Giant Doline (Tiankeng)
- Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges
- Wulong Karst – Furong Cave


1248-001E     Guilin Karst - Putao Fenling Karst Section
1248-002E     Guilin Karst - Lijiang Fengcong Karst
1248-003E     Shibing Karst
1248-004E     Jinfoshan Karst
1248-005E     Huanjiang Karst

1248-002 Shilin Karst







1248-002 Shilin Karst - Thousand years Linzi
1248-005 Wulong Karst Qingkou Giant Doline (Tiankeng) Wulong County
1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County

1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County
1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County
1248-007 Wulong Karst – Furong Cave Wulong County



Elephant-Trunk Hill
1248-002E     Guilin Karst - Lijiang Fengcong Karst 

1467 DE - Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus (2015)


Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus 
"Speicherstadt and the adjacent Kontorhaus district are two densely built urban areas in the centre of the port city of Hamburg. Speicherstadt, originally developed on a group of narrow islands in the Elbe River between 1885 and 1927, was partly rebuilt from 1949 to 1967. It is one of the largest coherent historic ensembles of port warehouses in the world (300,000 m2). It includes 15 very large warehouse blocks as well as six ancillary buildings and a connecting network of short canals. Adjacent to the modernist Chilehaus office building, the Kontorhaus district is an area of over five hectares featuring six very large office complexes built from the 1920s to the 1940s to house port-related businesses. The complex exemplifies the effects of the rapid growth in international trade in the late 19th and early 20th centuries."

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1467

Courtesy of elbe from postcrossing forum

1466 US - San Antonio Missions (2015)

San Antonio Missions
"The site encompasses a group of five frontier mission complexes situated along a stretch of the San Antonio River basin in southern Texas, as well as a ranch located 37 kilometres to the south. It includes architectural and archaeological structures, farmlands, residencies, churches and granaries, as well as water distribution systems. The complexes were built by Franciscan missionaries in the 18th century and illustrate the Spanish Crown’s efforts to colonize, evangelize and defend the northern frontier of New Spain. The San Antonio Missions are also an example of the interweaving of Spanish and Coahuiltecan cultures, illustrated by a variety of features, including the decorative elements of churches, which combine Catholic symbols with indigenous designs inspired by nature."

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1466

1466-001     Mission Espada
1466-002     Mission San Juan
1466-003     Mission San José
1466-004     Mission Concepcion
1466-005     Mission Valero
1466-006     Rancho de las Cabras

Courtesy of MissDaisy66 from postcrossing forum
1466-005 Mission Valero (The Alamo)

1438 VN - Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex (2014)

Trang An Landscape Complex
"Situated near the southern margin of the Red River Delta, the Trang An Landscape Complex is a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys, many of them partly submerged and surrounded by steep, almost vertical cliffs. Exploration of caves at different altitudes has revealed archaeological traces of human activity over a continuous period of more than 30,000 years. They illustrate the occupation of these mountains by seasonal hunter-gatherers and how they adapted to major climatic and environmental changes, especially the repeated inundation of the landscape by the sea after the last ice age. The story of human occcupation continues through the Neolithic and Bronze Ages to the historical era. Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Viet Nam, was strategically established here in the 10th and 11th centuries AD. The property also contains temples, pagodas, paddy-fields and small villages."
 
Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1483
 
(i) the Trang An Ecological Area
(ii) the Tam Coc-Bich Dong River Landscape




(iii) the Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel


Friday, 10 July 2015

1483 SG - Singapore Botanic Gardens (2015)

Singapore Botanic Gardens

“Situated at the heart of the city of Singapore, the site demonstrates the evolution of a British tropical colonial botanic garden that has become a modern world-class scientific institution used for both conservation and education. The cultural landscape includes a rich variety of historic features, plantings and buildings that demonstrate the development of the garden since its creation in 1859. It has been an important centre for science, research and plant conservation, notably in connection with the cultivation of rubber plantations, in Southeast Asia since 1875.”


Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1483

Orchid garden

Sunday, 15 December 2013

900 RU - Western Caucasus (1999)


Western Caucasus

"The Western Caucasus, extending over 275,000 ha of the extreme western end of the Caucasus mountains and located 50 km north-east of the Black Sea, is one of the few large mountain areas of Europe that has not experienced significant human impact. Its subalpine and alpine pastures have only been grazed by wild animals, and its extensive tracts of undisturbed mountain forests, extending from the lowlands to the subalpine zone, are unique in Europe. The site has a great diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic plants and wildlife, and is the place of origin and reintroduction of the mountain subspecies of the European bison."

西高加索山

"西高加索山在高加索山脉的最西端,位于黑海东北50公里处,占地275 000多公顷,是欧洲尚未受到人类重大干扰的少有的几座大山之一。其亚高山带的高山草原牧草只有野生动物食用。而从山下一直延伸到亚高山地带未遭破坏的广 阔山林,在欧洲也是罕见的。该地区拥有的大量本地植物和野生动物,显示了其生态系统的多样性。这里也是山区亚种欧洲野牛的起源地和重新引进之地。"

 Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/900

Courtesy of Anastasia from Russia

 

Saturday, 14 December 2013

416 MX - Historic Centre of Puebla (1987)

Historic Centre of Puebla

"Puebla, which was founded ex nihilo in 1531, is situated about 100 km east of Mexico City, at the foot of the Popocatepetl volcano. It has preserved its great religious structures such as the 16th–17th-century cathedral and fine buildings like the old archbishop's palace, as well as a host of houses with walls covered in tiles (azulejos). The new aesthetic concepts resulting from the fusion of European and American styles were adopted locally and are peculiar to the Baroque district of Puebla." 

普埃布拉历史中心

"普埃布拉城建于1531年,位于墨西哥城东约100公里的波波卡特佩特火山山脚下。那里保留着许多重要的宗教建筑,包括公元16 世纪至17世纪修建的大教堂、古老的大主教宫殿和许多用瓷砖(上光花砖)装饰的房屋。这些新的美学理念来源于欧洲风格、美洲风格与当地特色的融合,这一点 可以从普埃布拉地区的巴洛克风格中很好地看出来。"

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/416

Courtesy of Brigitte from Germany


Sunday, 24 November 2013

821 BR - Historic Centre of São Luís (1997)



Brief Description

"The late 17th-century core of this historic town, founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under Portuguese rule, has preserved the original rectangular street plan in its entirety. Thanks to a period of economic stagnation in the early 20th century, an exceptional number of fine historic buildings have survived, making this an outstanding example of an Iberian colonial town."

圣路易斯历史中心

"圣路易斯城由法国人建立,后被荷兰人占领,最后由葡萄牙人统治。城中完整地保留着17世纪末期城市的垂直街道布局。由于20世纪初的经济停滞,使得该城许多极具历史价值的建筑得以保留,圣路易斯城成为了伊比利亚风格殖民地城镇的杰出典范。"

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/821

Courtesy of Jamila from Brazil

 

35 GH - Asante Traditional Buildings (1980)

Brief Description

"To the north-east of Kumasi, these are the last material remains of the great Asante civilization, which reached its high point in the 18th century. Since the dwellings are made of earth, wood and straw, they are vulnerable to the onslaught of time and weather."

阿散蒂传统建筑

"这些建筑位于库马西(Kumasi)东北部,是18世纪鼎盛时期伟大的阿散蒂(Asante)文明保留下来的最后物证。由于这些建筑由泥土、木材和稻草构成,随着时间的推移,非常容易受天气影响而损坏。"

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/35


Courtesy of Bonsei from Ghana
 middle pic on the right hand side shows the courtyard view of the Asante Traditional Building
Lower picture on the left hand side shows the Nzulezu Stilt Settlement which is on the tentative list