This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called alla modernaI bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.
Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1533
1533-001 Fortified city of Bergamo， Italy
1533-002 Fortified city of Peschiera del Garda， Italy
1533-003 City Fortress of Palmanova， Italy
1533-005 Fort of St. Nikola, Šibenik-Knin County， Croatia
Courtesy of Sanja from postcrossing