Friday, 22 December 2017

1321 JP - The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016)

Brief Description

Chosen from the work of Le Corbusier, the 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries and are a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past. They were built over a period of a half-century, in the course of what Le Corbusier described as “patient research”. The Complexe du Capitole in Chandigarh (India), the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo (Japan), the House of Dr Curutchet in La Plata (Argentina) and the Unité d’habitation in Marseille (France) reflect the solutions that the Modern Movement sought to apply during the 20th century to the challenges of inventing new architectural techniques to respond to the needs of society. These masterpieces of creative genius also attest to the internationalization of architectural practice across the planet.

Source UNESCO WH website

1321-001     Maisons La Roche et Jeanneret     France
1321-002     Petite villa au bord du lac Léman     Switzerland
1321-003     Cité Frugès     France
1321-004     Maison Guiete     Belgium
1321-005     Maisons de la Weissenhof-Siedlung     Germany
1321-006     Villa Savoye et loge du jardiner     France
1321-007     Immeuble Clarté     Switzerland
1321-008     Immeuble locatif à la Porte Molitor     France
1321-009     Unité d’habitation Marseille     France
1321-010     La Manufacture à Saint- Dié     France
1321-011     Maison du docteur Curutchet     Argentina
1321-012     Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut de Ronchamp     France
1321-013     Cabanon de Le Corbusier     France
1321-014     Complexe du Capitole     India
1321-015     Couvent Sainte-Marie-de-la-Tourette     France
1321-016     Musée National des Beaux-Arts de l’Occident     Japan
1321-017     Maison de la Culture de Firminy     France  

 1321-016 National Museum of Western Art


1449 JP - Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites (2014)

Brief Description
This property is a historic sericulture and silk mill complex established in the late 19th and early 20th century in the Gunma prefecture, north-west of Tokyo. It consists of four sites that correspond to the different stages in the production of raw silk: a large raw silk reeling plant whose machinery and industrial expertise were imported from France; an experimental farm for production of cocoons; a school for the dissemination of sericulture knowledge; and a cold-storage facility for silkworm eggs. The site illustrates Japan’s desire to rapidly access the best mass production techniques, and became a decisive element in the renewal of sericulture and the Japanese silk industry in the last quarter of the 19th century. Tomioka Silk Mill and its related sites became the centre of innovation for the production of raw silk and marked Japan’s entry into the modern, industrialized era, making it the world’s leading exporter of raw silk, notably to Europe and the United States.

Source UNESCO WH website

1449-001     Tomioka Silk Mill
1449-002     Tajima Yahei Sericulture Farm
1449-003     Takayama-sha Sericulture School
1449-004     Arafune Cold Storage     

  Tomioka Silk Mill

  Tomioka Silk Mill 

Wednesday, 12 July 2017

1533 HR/MT - Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar (2017)

Brief Description

This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called alla modernaI bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.

Source UNESCO WH website

1533-001 Fortified city of Bergamo, Italy
1533-002 Fortified city of Peschiera del Garda, Italy
1533-003 City Fortress of Palmanova, Italy
1533-004 Defensive System of Zadar, Croatia
1533-005 Fort of St. Nikola, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
1533-006 Fortified city of Kotor, Montenegro

Courtesy of pierresurleciel from postcrossing forum
Zadar, Croatia

Courtesy of Sanja from postcrossing
Kotor, Montenegro

1541 CN - Kulangsu: a Historic International Settlement (2017)

Brief Description

Kulangsu is a tiny island located on the estuary of the Chiu-lung River, facing the city of Xiamen. With the opening of a commercial port at Xiamen in 1843, and the establishment of the island as an international settlement in 1903, this island off the southern coast of the Chinese empire suddenly became an important window for Sino-foreign exchanges. Kulangsu is an exceptional example of the cultural fusion that emerged from these exchanges, which remain legible in its urban fabric. There is a mixture of different architectural styles including Traditional Southern Fujian Style, Western Classical Revival Style and Veranda Colonial Style. The most exceptional testimony of the fusion of various stylistic influences is a new architectural movement, the Amoy Deco Style, which is a synthesis of the Modernist style of the early 20th century and Art Deco.

Source UNESCO WH website

Sunday, 2 August 2015

1442 CN - Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor (2014)

Brief Description

"This property is a 5,000 km section of the extensive Silk Roads network, stretching from Chang’an/Luoyang, the central capital of China in the Han and Tang dynasties, to the Zhetysu region of Central Asia. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific knowledge, technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts. The thirty-three components included in the routes network include capital cities and palace complexes of various empires and Khan kingdoms, trading settlements, Buddhist cave temples, ancient paths, posthouses, passes, beacon towers, sections of The Great Wall, fortifications, tombs and religious buildings."

Source UNESCO WH website

1. Central China - ancient imperial capitals in the Central and Guanzhong Plains of China.
2. Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, connecting China Proper and Xinjiang.
3. North and South of Tianshan Mountains in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China
4. Zhetysu Region of the Ili and Talas Valleys of Kazakhstan and the Chuy Valley of Kyrgyzstan
  • Site of Kayalyk, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
  • Karamergen, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
  • Talgar, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
  • Aktobe, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Kulan, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Akyrtas, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Ornek, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Kostobe, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
  • Suyab (Site of Ak-Beshim), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan
  • City of Balasagun (Site of Burana), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan
  • City of Nevaket (Site of Krasnaya Rechka), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan

Ancient City of Gaochang 高昌故城

Ancient City of Jiao River 交河故城

Kizil Grottoes 克孜尔千佛洞

Saturday, 11 July 2015

1485 GB - The Forth Rail Bridge (2015)

Brief Description

"This railway bridge spanning the estuary of the Forth River in Scotland is the world’s longest multi-span cantilever bridge. It opened in 1890 and continues to carry passengers and freight. Its distinctive industrial aesthetic is the result of a forthright and unadorned display of its structural components. Innovative in style, materials and scale, the Forth Bridge is an important milestone in bridge design and construction during the period when railways came to dominate long-distance land travel. "
Source UNESCO WH website
Courtesy of pcbuyer from postcrossing

1443 CN - The Grand Canal (2014)

Brief Description

"The Grand Canal is a vast waterway system in the north-eastern and central-eastern plains of China, running from Beijing in the north to Zhejiang province in the south. Constructed in sections from the 5th century BC onwards, it was conceived as a unified means of communication for the Empire for the first time in the 7th century AD (Sui dynasty). This led to a series of gigantic construction sites, creating the world’s largest and most extensive civil engineering project prior to the Industrial Revolution. It formed the backbone of the Empire’s inland communication system, transporting grain and strategic raw materials, and supplying rice to feed the population. By the 13th century it consisted of more than 2,000 km of artificial waterways, linking five of China’s main river basins. It has played an important role in ensuring the country’s economic prosperity and stability and is still in use today as a major means of communication."

Source UNESCO WH website

Yangzhou Slender West lake

1248 CN - South China Karst (2007)

Brief Description

"The South China Karst region extends over a surface of half a million km2 lying mainly in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces. It represents one of the world’s most spectacular examples of humid tropical to subtropical karst landscapes. The stone forests of Shilin are considered superlative natural phenomena and a world reference with a wider range of pinnacle shapes than other karst landscapes with pinnacles, and a higher diversity of shapes and changing colours. The cone and tower karsts of Libo, also considered the world reference site for these types of karst, form a distinctive and beautiful landscape. Wulong Karst has been inscribed for its giant dolines (sinkholes), natural bridges and caves."

"中国南方喀斯特地区主要分布在云南、贵州和广西等省份,占 地面积超过50万平方公里。中国南部喀斯特地貌丰富多样,富于变幻,举世无双。这处遗产呈连续性分布,主要可分为三个区域:荔波喀斯特、石林喀斯特和武隆 喀斯特。中国南方喀斯特地形是全球湿润热带及亚热带喀斯特地形的典型代表。石林喀斯特被誉为自然奇观,是世界级参照标准。石林包括由含白云石的石灰石构成 的乃古石林和在湖泊中生成的苏依山石林。同其他喀斯特地形相比,石林喀斯特的石峰更加丰富多彩,形状和颜色也更富于变化。荔波喀斯特的特点是锥形和塔形地 貌,构成了独特、美丽的风景,同样是同类型喀斯特地貌的世界级标准。武隆喀斯特因其巨大的石灰坑、天然桥梁和天然洞穴而列入了世界遗产。"

Source UNESCO WH website

- Shilin Karst – Naigu Stone Forest
- Shilin Karst – ‘Suogeyi Village’
- Libo Karst – ‘Xiaoqijong’
- Libo Karst – ‘Dongduo’
- Wulong Karst – Qingkou Giant Doline (Tiankeng)
- Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges
- Wulong Karst – Furong Cave

1248-001E     Guilin Karst - Putao Fenling Karst Section
1248-002E     Guilin Karst - Lijiang Fengcong Karst
1248-003E     Shibing Karst
1248-004E     Jinfoshan Karst
1248-005E     Huanjiang Karst

1248-002 Shilin Karst

1248-002 Shilin Karst - Thousand years Linzi
1248-005 Wulong Karst Qingkou Giant Doline (Tiankeng) Wulong County
1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County

1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County
1248-006 Wulong Karst – Three Natural Bridges Wulong County
1248-007 Wulong Karst – Furong Cave Wulong County

Elephant-Trunk Hill
1248-002E     Guilin Karst - Lijiang Fengcong Karst 

1467 DE - Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus (2015)

Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus 
"Speicherstadt and the adjacent Kontorhaus district are two densely built urban areas in the centre of the port city of Hamburg. Speicherstadt, originally developed on a group of narrow islands in the Elbe River between 1885 and 1927, was partly rebuilt from 1949 to 1967. It is one of the largest coherent historic ensembles of port warehouses in the world (300,000 m2). It includes 15 very large warehouse blocks as well as six ancillary buildings and a connecting network of short canals. Adjacent to the modernist Chilehaus office building, the Kontorhaus district is an area of over five hectares featuring six very large office complexes built from the 1920s to the 1940s to house port-related businesses. The complex exemplifies the effects of the rapid growth in international trade in the late 19th and early 20th centuries."

Source UNESCO WH website

Courtesy of elbe from postcrossing forum

1466 US - San Antonio Missions (2015)

San Antonio Missions
"The site encompasses a group of five frontier mission complexes situated along a stretch of the San Antonio River basin in southern Texas, as well as a ranch located 37 kilometres to the south. It includes architectural and archaeological structures, farmlands, residencies, churches and granaries, as well as water distribution systems. The complexes were built by Franciscan missionaries in the 18th century and illustrate the Spanish Crown’s efforts to colonize, evangelize and defend the northern frontier of New Spain. The San Antonio Missions are also an example of the interweaving of Spanish and Coahuiltecan cultures, illustrated by a variety of features, including the decorative elements of churches, which combine Catholic symbols with indigenous designs inspired by nature."

Source UNESCO WH website

1466-001     Mission Espada
1466-002     Mission San Juan
1466-003     Mission San José
1466-004     Mission Concepcion
1466-005     Mission Valero
1466-006     Rancho de las Cabras

Courtesy of MissDaisy66 from postcrossing forum
1466-005 Mission Valero (The Alamo)

1438 VN - Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex (2014)

Trang An Landscape Complex
"Situated near the southern margin of the Red River Delta, the Trang An Landscape Complex is a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys, many of them partly submerged and surrounded by steep, almost vertical cliffs. Exploration of caves at different altitudes has revealed archaeological traces of human activity over a continuous period of more than 30,000 years. They illustrate the occupation of these mountains by seasonal hunter-gatherers and how they adapted to major climatic and environmental changes, especially the repeated inundation of the landscape by the sea after the last ice age. The story of human occcupation continues through the Neolithic and Bronze Ages to the historical era. Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Viet Nam, was strategically established here in the 10th and 11th centuries AD. The property also contains temples, pagodas, paddy-fields and small villages."
Source UNESCO WH website
(i) the Trang An Ecological Area
(ii) the Tam Coc-Bich Dong River Landscape

(iii) the Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel