Wednesday, 12 July 2017

1533 HR/MT - Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar (2017)

Brief Description

This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called alla modernaI bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1533

1533-001 Fortified city of Bergamo, Italy
1533-002 Fortified city of Peschiera del Garda, Italy
1533-003 City Fortress of Palmanova, Italy
1533-004 Defensive System of Zadar, Croatia
1533-005 Fort of St. Nikola, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
1533-006 Fortified city of Kotor, Montenegro

Courtesy of pierresurleciel from postcrossing forum
Zadar, Croatia

Courtesy of Sanja from postcrossing
Kotor, Montenegro

1541 CN - Kulangsu: a Historic International Settlement (2017)

Brief Description

Kulangsu is a tiny island located on the estuary of the Chiu-lung River, facing the city of Xiamen. With the opening of a commercial port at Xiamen in 1843, and the establishment of the island as an international settlement in 1903, this island off the southern coast of the Chinese empire suddenly became an important window for Sino-foreign exchanges. Kulangsu is an exceptional example of the cultural fusion that emerged from these exchanges, which remain legible in its urban fabric. There is a mixture of different architectural styles including Traditional Southern Fujian Style, Western Classical Revival Style and Veranda Colonial Style. The most exceptional testimony of the fusion of various stylistic influences is a new architectural movement, the Amoy Deco Style, which is a synthesis of the Modernist style of the early 20th century and Art Deco.

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1541