Tuesday, 15 February 2011

1113 CN - Fujian Tulou (2008)

Brief Description

"Fujian Tulou is a property of 46 buildings constructed between the 15th and 20th centuries over 120 km in south-west of Fujian province, inland from the Taiwan Strait. Set amongst rice, tea and tobacco fields the Tulou are earthen houses. Several storeys high, they are built along an inward-looking, circular or square floor plan as housing for up to 800 people each. They were built for defence purposes around a central open courtyard with only one entrance and windows to the outside only above the first floor. Housing a whole clan, the houses functioned as village units and were known as “a little kingdom for the family” or “bustling small city.” They feature tall fortified mud walls capped by tiled roofs with wide over-hanging eaves. The most elaborate structures date back to the 17th and 18th centuries. The buildings were divided vertically between families with each disposing of two or three rooms on each floor. In contrast with their plain exterior, the inside of the tulou were built for comfort and were often highly decorated. They are inscribed as exceptional examples of a building tradition and function exemplifying a particular type of communal living and defensive organization, and, in terms of their harmonious relationship with their environment, an outstanding example of human settlement."

Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1113

福建土楼包括46个建于15至20世纪间的土楼组成。它们分布于台湾海峡西岸福建西南部120公里的范围内。土楼往往建于稻田茶园和烟草地之间,几层楼高,中空的圆形或是方形的设计,每个土楼可以住将近800人。出于防御的考虑,建筑面向中庭,只有一个出入口,朝外的窗户只开在一楼之上。一座土楼可以住下整个大家族,它们是村落的组成部分,往往被称为家族王国或是迷你城市。土楼有很高的土墙砖瓦铺盖的屋顶和屋檐。最华丽的土楼是建于17至18世纪之间。土楼垂直分割为一套套家庭单元,各单元每层有两到三个房间。相对于平淡的外表,土楼的内部很舒适装修很华丽。土楼是传统建筑家族生活自卫和自然环境完美结合的特殊代表。

1113-001 Chuxi Tulou Cluster 初溪土楼群
1113-002 Hokgkeng Tulou Cluster 洪坑土楼群
1113-003 Gaobei Tulou Cluster 高北土楼群 (
高头镇高北村
1113-004 Yanxiang Lou 衍香楼
1113-005 Zhenfu Lou 振福楼
1113-006 Tianloukeng Tulou Cluster 田螺坑土楼群
1113-007 Hekeng Tulou Cluster 河坑土楼群
1113-008 Huaiyuan Lou 怀远楼
1113-009 Hegui Lou 和贵楼 (南靖县梅林镇璞山村)
1113-010 Dadi Tulou Cluster 大地土楼群

1113-001 Chuxi Tulou Cluster 初溪土楼群

1113-002 Hokgkeng Tulou Cluster 洪坑土楼群 - 振成楼

1113-002 Hokgkeng Tulou Cluster 洪坑土楼群 - 振成楼

1113-002 Hokgkeng Tulou Cluster 洪坑土楼群 - 振成楼 内院祖堂

1113-002 Hokgkeng Tulou Cluster 洪坑土楼群 - 福裕楼

1113-003 Gaobei Tulou Cluster 高北土楼群
1113-003 Gaobei Tulou Cluster 高北土楼群 - 承启楼

1113-005 Zhenfu Lou 振福楼

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