Sunday, 7 October 2012

1319 KR - Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty (2009)

Brief Description

"The Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty form a collection of 40 tombs scattered over 18 locations. Built over five centuries, from 1408 to 1966, the tombs honoured the memory of ancestors, showed respect for their achievements, asserted royal authority, protected ancestral spirits from evil and provided protection from vandalism. Spots of outstanding natural beauty were chosen for the tombs which typically have their back protected by a hill as they face south toward water and, ideally, layers of mountain ridges in the distance. Alongside the burial area, the royal tombs feature a ceremonial area and an entrance. In addition to the burial mounds, associated buildings that are an integral part of the tombs include a T-shaped wooden shrine, a shed for stele, a royal kitchen and a guards’ house, a red-spiked gate and the tomb keeper’s house. The grounds are adorned on the outside with a range of stone objects including figures of people and animals. The Joseon Tombs completes the 5,000 year history of royal tombs architecture in the Korean peninsula."
Source UNESCO WH website http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1319

Reign King Tomb Chinese
Charac
ter
Buried Location Notes
1st
Taejo
Geonwolleung
(건원릉)

Jereung

(제릉)

Jeongneung

(정릉)
健元陵


齊陵



貞陵


Taejo


Queen Sinui



Queen Sindeok


Gyeonggi-do
Guri

Gaeseong (North Korea)


Seoul

Seongbuk
-gu
Dong
gureung
(동구릉)


-



-
2nd
Jeongjong
Hureung
(후릉)
厚陵
Jeongjong, Queen Jeongan
Gaeseong (North Korea)
-
3rd
Taejong
Heolleung
(헌릉)
獻陵
Taejong, Queen Wongyeong
Seoul Gangnam
-gu
-
4th
Sejong
Yeongneung
(영릉)
英陵
Sejong,
Queen Soheon
Gyeonggi-do Yeoju
-
5th
Munjong
Hyeolleung
(현릉)
顯陵
Munjong,
Queen Hyeondeok
Gyeonggi-do Guri
Dong
gureung
6th
Danjong
Jangneung
(장릉)

Sareung

(사릉)
 
莊陵


思陵


Danjong


Queen

Jeongsun
Gangwon-do
Yeongwol

Gyeonggi-do Namyangju
-



-
7th
Sejo
Gwangneung
(광릉)
光陵
Sejo,
Queen Jeonghui
Gyeonggi-do
Namyangju
-
Post
hum
ous
king
Deokjong
Gyeongneung
(경릉)
敬陵
Deokjong,
Queen Sohye
Gyeonggi-do
Goyang
Seoo
reung
(서오릉)
8th
Yejong
Changneung
(창릉)

Gongneung

(공릉)

 
昌陵


恭陵


Yejong,
Queen Ansun

Queen

Jangsun
Gyeonggi-do
Goyang

Gyeonggi-do Paju
Seoo
reung

Paju

Sam
neung
(파주삼릉)
9th
Seongjong
Seolleung
(선릉)


Sulleung

(순릉)
 
宣陵



順陵


Seongjong,
Queen
Jeonghyeon

Queen

Gonghye
Seoul,
Gangnam-gu

Gyeonggi-do

Paju

-



Paju

Sam
neung
11th
Jungjong
Jeongneung
(정릉)

Olleung

(온릉)

Huireung

(희릉)

Taereung

(태릉)
靖陵


溫陵



禧陵



泰陵
Jungjong

Queen

Dangyeong

Queen

Janggyeong

Queen

Munjeong
Seoul,
Gangnam-gu

Gyeonggi-do

Yangju

Gyeonggi-do

Goyang

Seoul,

Nowon-gu 
-


-



Seosam

neung
(서삼릉)
-
12th
Injong
Hyoreung
(효릉)
孝陵
Injong,
Queen
Inseong
Gyeonggi-do
Goyang
Seosam
neung
13th
Myeonjong
Gangneung
(강릉)
康陵
Myeongjong,
Queen
Insun
Seoul,
Nowon-gu
-
14th
Seonjo
Mongneung
(목릉)
穆陵
Seonjo,
Queen Uiin,
Queen
Inmok
Gyeonggi-do Guri
Dong
gure
ung
Post
hum
ous
king
Wonjong
Jangneung
(장릉)
章陵
Wonjong, Queen
Inheon
Gyeonggi-do
Gimpo
-
16th
Injo
Jangneung
(장릉)

Hwireung

(휘릉)
 
長陵


徽陵
Injo,
Queen Illyeol

Queen Jangnyeol
Gyeonggi-do
Paju

Gyeonggi-do

Guri
-


Dong

gureung
17th
Hyojong
Nyeongneung
(녕릉)
寧陵
Hyojong,
Queen
Inseon
Gyeonggi-do
Yeoju
-
18th
Hyeonjong
Sungneung
(숭릉)
崇陵
Hyeonjong, Queen Myeongseong
Gyeonggi-do
Guri
Dong
gureung
19th
Sukjong
Myeong
neung
(명릉)

Ingneung

(익릉)
明陵


翼陵
Sukjong, Queen Inhyeon, Queen Inwon

Queen Ingyeong
Gyeonggi-do
Goyang
Seoo
reung


Seoo

reung
20th
Gyeong
jong
Uireung
(의릉)

Hyereung

(혜릉)

懿陵


惠陵


Gyeongjong,
Queen Seonui

Queen

Danui

Seoul,
Seongbuk-
gu

Gyeonggi-do

Guri
-


Dong

gureung
21st
Yeongjo
Wolleung
(원릉)


Hongneung

(홍릉)
元陵



弘陵
Yeongjo,
Queen
Jeongsun

Queen

Jeongseong
Gyeonggi-do Guri


Gyeonggi-do Goyang
Dong
gureung


Seoo

reung
Post
hum
ous
king
Jinjong
Yeongneung
(영릉)
永陵
Jinjong,
Queen
Hyosun
Gyeonggi
-do
Paju
Paju
Sam
neung
Post
hum
ous
king
Jangjo
Yungneung
(융릉)
隆陵
Jangjo,
Queen
Heongyeong
Gyeonggi-do
Hwaseong
 -
22nd
Jeongjo
Geolleung
(건릉)
健陵
Jeongjo,
Queen Hyoui
Gyeonggi-do Hwaseong
 -
23rd
Sunjo
Illeung
(인릉)
仁陵
Sunjo,
Queen Sunwon
Seoul Seocho-gu
 -
Post
hum
ous
king
Ikjong (Munjo)
Sureung
(수릉)
綏陵
Ikjong,
Queen Sinjeong
Gyeonggi-do Guri
Dong
gureung
24th
Heonjong
Gyeongneung
(경릉)
景陵
Heonjong,
Queen
Hyohyeon,
Queen
Hyojeong
Gyeonggi-do Guri
Dong
gureung
25th
Cheoljong
Yereung
(예릉)
睿陵
Cheoljong,
Queen
Cheorin
Gyeonggi-do
Goyang
Seo
sam
neung
26th
Gojong
Hongneung
(홍릉)
洪陵
Gojong,
Empress
Myeongseong
Gyeonggi-do Namyangju
 -
27th
Sunjong
Yureung
(유릉)
裕陵
Sunjong,
Empress
Sunmyeonghyo, Empress Sunjeonghyo
Gyeonggi-do Namyangju
 -


5th Munjong Hyeolleung (현릉) 顯陵 Munjong, Queen Hyeondeok
11th Jungjong - Jeongneung (정릉) 靖陵 Jungjong
19th Sukjong Myeongneung (명릉) 明陵 Sukjong, Queen Inhyeon, Queen Inwon 
27th Sunjong Yureung  (유릉) 裕陵 Sunjong,  Empress  Sunmyeonghyo, Empress Sunjeonghyo

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